Guide for Authors

Guidelines for authors

Manuscripts: Manuscripts should be electronically submitted through the Online Submission System ( For contact with Editorial Office sent the e-mail to

NOTA BENE: Authors who are unsure of proper English usage should have their manuscripts checked by someone proficient in English.

In order to preclude the breach of copyright, the authors are requested to properly fill in and sign an agreement through which copyright of the submitted article is transferred to the publisher upon accepting the material for publication and deemed void if the manuscript is rejected or not accepted by the Editorial Board. Authors of papers written in fulfillment of their duty under a contract should obtain clearance from the employer and attach it to the copyright transfer agreement. These documents are submitted to the Editorial Board along with the manuscript.

NOTA BENE: Transfer copyright to the publisher of the submitted article can be as a major part of a cover letter provided.

Cover letter order

The corresponding author should indicate the following in a cover letter:

  1. An introduction stating the title of the manuscript and the journal to which you are submitting.
  2. The reason why your study is important and relevant to the journal’s readership or field.
  3. The question your research answers.
  4. Your major experimental results and overall findings.
  5. The most important conclusions that can be drawn from your research.
  6. A statement that the manuscript has not been published and is not under consideration for publication in any other journal
  7. A statement that all authors approved the manuscript and its submission to the journal.
  8. Any other details that will encourage the editor to send your manuscript for review.


Article types

Original articles: Original research papers providing a full account of an investigation can be submitted. There is no length limit for the text; however, papers must be written as concisely as possible.

Short Communications: Papers in brief form will be printed in Short Communications, with the understanding that this does not provide accelerated means of publication. They should not exceed six pages including figures and tables. Sub-visions of the text by headings should be avoided except for Summary and References.

Reviews: The Review is intended for review articles dealing with current as well as historical progress made in research and policy-making in biotechnology.

Methods: Original materials on methods and methodology of interest to basic research in biotechnology are acceptable in the Methods.

General Pattern

All submitted material, abstract, main text, list of references, figure legends, figures and tables (each on a separate sheet), figures and tables should be presented in one file. Information about all the authors, including their full names, affiliations and mailing addresses, telephone and fax numbers (office), e-mails, as well as the name of the corresponding author should be presented on a separate page (first page).

All pages should be numbered in sequence, including the main text, tables, and references. No two pages can have the same numbera (e.g., 2a, 2b, etc.).

The form of Manuscript: Manuscripts should be written concisely and typed on one side of the good quality white paper (A4 size; 21.0 × 29.7 cm), with margins of at least 2.5 cm. Type manuscripts double-spaced throughout, including references, tables, figure legends, and footnotes. All text must be line numbered consecutively. Most manuscripts of original reports are divided into the following sections in this order: Title page, including the title, the author(s) and affiliation(s), Summary, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgment, and References.

  • Title of Manuscript

The title should contain the fewest words that adequately describe the work. The authors' typed in full. The department and institution where the investigation was made, including the complete postal address, should be named. Between 3 and 6 keywords should be included on the Title page.

  • Abstract

Every manuscript must begin with a structured abstract with distinct, labeled sections (e.g., Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions) and not more than 250 words. This paragraph should adequately summarize the essential findings of the paper.

  • Introduction

 The introduction outlines the purpose, scope, and methods of the investigation and its relation to other work in the same field.

  • Materials and Methods

This section should describe the equipment and materials employed and the way in which the work was done. Sufficient details should be given so that a peer worker can follow the work exactly. Standard laboratory procedures should not be described in detail but reference citation is necessary.

  • Results

The results obtained are presented in the text or in tables or figures in this section. This section should be brief if it is preceded by a well-written Materials and Methods and followed by a well-written Discussion.

  • Discussion

This section should not repeat the results but interpret them. The author should not neglect to discuss controversial or unsettled points, results obtained by other workers, and the evidence for drawing the conclusions.

It is advisable that the results and discussion be presented separately, but in some cases, these sections can be integrated.

  • Conclusions
  • Author’s Contribution
  • Conflict of Interest Disclosures
  • Ethical Approval
  • Acknowledgment
  • Tables and figures

All tabular materials, flow charts, etc. should be typed on separate pages of the same size as the text and should be intelligible by themselves without reference to the text. Headings should be concise, clearly, present the subject matter. Footnotes to the tables should be placed below the table and designated by superscripts1), 2), .... Graphs, diagrams, drawings, and photographs are considered figures. The original drawings should be no larger than 16 × 22 cm. All drawings must be made with black drawing ink on tracing paper suitable for the direct photocopy. The cost of printing in color must be borne by the authors. Tables and figures should be numbered with Arabic numerals, respectively, in the order of appearance in the text. They should be cited in the text as, for example, Table 3 or Fig. 3.

  • Abbreviations and symbols

Abbreviations should generally follow those suggested in the American Society of Microbiology (ASM) journals. Abbreviations of biological terms, such as culture media, reagents, or laboratory methods, should not be used unless they are well established or they are of advantage to the reader. Such abbreviations should be defined on their first appearance in the text.

  • Biological nomenclature

Scientific names of animals, plants and microorganisms should be in accordance with the International Codes. The scientific names in the manuscript should be in italics or underlined. The generic name is written in full in the title, on its first appearance in the text, and in the summary. Elsewhere, the initial letter of the generic name may be used if no confusion results.

  • Chemical nomenclature

The nomenclature of chemical compounds should agree with indexes of Chemical Abstracts.

  • Nucleotide and amino acid sequences

 Prior to submission, nucleotide and/or amino acid sequence data should be deposited with GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ and an accession number obtained for publication in the manuscript.

  • Symptoms

Use a period after footnotes (including those in tables), table notes, figure captions, abstract, keywords, and the following abbreviations: ca., circa; e.g., for example; Eq(s)., equation(s); Fig(s)., figure(s); i.d., inner diameter; o.d., outer diameter; sh., sheet; st., stock, street; and vs., versus. The period is never used in subscripts.

Use × rather than x as a symbol of multiplication sign, e.g., 5 × 10 mol/l. The symbol · can be used only in dot products (a · b) and chemical formulas (CuSO4 · 2H2O). English subscripts are not italicized whenever they represent abbreviations of words (Hmin, Tmax) and italicized otherwise (Cp).

Greek symbols are not italicized except when the entire paragraph is set in italics.

Use a period, not a comma, for decimals: 5.25, correct; 5, 25, incorrect.

Do not leave a space between the numeric value and signs of the percent, pro mil, and degrees (temperature), e.g., 15%, 25‰, and 60°C, leave a space in the case of any other unit of measure. Fractional units can be represented both by using negative powers (12 μg l-1 day-1) and parentheses (562.2 μg/(m2day)), but the style chosen for the given unit should be used consistently throughout the paper.

A range of positive temperatures is designated as 20–45°C, but write from –18 to –4°C for a range of negative temperatures.

  • References

In the References section, book references should appear as Vancouver citing and referencing. Examples of references to different types of publications are given below. For citation in text use [Number of Ref] for example [1], [1, 2] or [1-3].

  • Papers in journals:

Imhoff JF, Thiemann B. Influence of Salt Concentration and Temperature on the Fatty Acid Composition of Ectothiorhodospira and Other Halophilic Phototrophic Purple Bacteria. Arch Microbiol. 1991; vol. 156: pp. 370–375.

  • Articles in a collection of articles:

Huber H, Stetter KO, Genus I. Sulfolobus, Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd ed., Boone, D.K. and Castenholz, R.W., Eds., New York: Springer, 2001, Vol. 1, part B, pp. 198–200.

  • Books:

Brock TD. Thermophilic Microorganisms and Life at High Temperatures. Berlin: Springer, 1978.Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., Boone, D.K and Castenholz, R.W., Eds., New York: Springer, 2001, vol. 1.

  • Patents and inventor’s certificates:

Norman IO. US Patent 4 379 752, 1983.Ivanov, S.A., USSR Inventor’s Certificate no. 127, Byull. Izobret., 1983, no. 9, p. 195.

Ethical considerations

(i) When reporting research involving human subjects or the use of materials of human origin, authors must have obtained institutional authorization. (ii) Research using recombinant DNA implies that physical and biological containment conformed to the guidelines of a corresponding agency in the authors' country. (iii) Research using unique materials implies that the authors will make them available to qualified researchers for non-commercial use.


Manuscript Referee

All scientific contributions will be peer-reviewed on the criteria of originality and quality. Authors may suggest up to three potential referees, including their e-mail addresses, as well as individuals whom they wish to be excluded from the review process. The reason for excluding certain referees should be stated. Upon acceptance, papers may be subjected to editorial changes. A revised paper will retain its original date of receipt only if it is resubmitted to the Editors within three months after revision was requested. Responsibility for the factual accuracy of a paper rests entirely with the author.

Copyright Notice

Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports (JABR) is the copyright owner of the published material. However, according to the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing, all works published in this journal are open access and immediately available to anyone on the website of the journal without cost. You may not modify, copy, distribute, transmit, display, or publish any materials contained on the Journal without the prior written permission of it or appropriate copyright owner.