Current Research and Applications of Meta-omics Stratagems in Bioremediation: A Bird’s-Eye View

Document Type : Review Article


1 DBT Computational Biology Lab, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India

2 Department of Bioinformatics, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India


Microorganisms are ubiquitous in nature. They are found across diverse biosphere and greatly vary among them. Several beneficial microbes engaging in degradation and their services to the ecosystem have not been fully explored. This tangled module could be resolved by Meta 'omics' approach and analysing their molecular interaction with the environment. In our day-to-day life, human beings are exposed to various xenobiotics in the form of drugs/pharmaceuticals, pesticides, artificially flavoured food and beverages. Newer diseases are also emerging due to environmental pollutants. Bioremediation offers an effective way to resilient our fragile planet. Next-generation sequencing became an ultimate technique to unravel the significance of the microbiome in remediating polluted lands and sludges. Integrating the meta omics data would open new perspectives in the clean-up of toxic contaminants from our environment. Through this review, we attempted to explore the potential of meta-omics approaches in deciphering the eavesdropping of complex microbes. This review provides novel insights into the Meta-omics techniques that aid in the field of bioremediation.