The Biological Effects of Teucrium polium on the Severity of Primary Dysmenorrhea

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 School of Nursing and Midwifery, International branch of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Pharmacogenosy, Faculty of Pharmacology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Paramedicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Primary dysmenorrhea is a prevalent issue and it can reduce the quality of life in many females worldwide. Based on the properties of Teucrium polium as a herbal medicine with analgesic and inflammatory properties, this triple-blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial was performed. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of Teucrium polium on the severity of primary dysmenorrhea in students. In this study, single students were categorized in two groups who received Teucrium Polium (n=35) or placebo (n=35). For the first 3 days of menstruation, subjects were asked to take some capsules containing powder Teucrium polium (250 mg) four times daily for two consecutive menstrual cycles. Pain severity was examined using a visual analog scale. According to the results, there was no significant difference in the pain severity at the baseline between two groups. Pain severity was significantly decreased in both groups after the intervention; however, larger pain reduction was significantly seen in the group which had received Teucrium  Polium (p< 0.001). No side effect was observed in the Teucrium Polium-received group. In conclusion feature of Teucrium polium during menstruation led to decrease in the severity of dysmenorrhea.

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